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Webster 1913 Edition


Draught

Draught

,
Noun.
[The same as
draft
, the spelling with
gh
indicating an older pronunciation. See
Draft
,
Noun.
,
Draw
.]
1.
The act of drawing or pulling
; as:
(a)
The act of moving loads by drawing, as by beasts of burden, and the like.
(b)
The drawing of a bowstring.
[Obs.]
(c)
Act of drawing a net; a sweeping the water for fish.
(d)
The act of drawing liquor into the mouth and throat; the act of drinking.
(e)
A sudden attack or drawing upon an enemy.
[Obs.]
(f)
(Mil.)
The act of selecting or detaching soldiers; a draft (see
Draft
,
Noun.
, 2)
(g)
The act of drawing up, marking out, or delineating; representation.
Dryden.
2.
That which is drawn
; as:
(a)
That which is taken by sweeping with a net.
Launch out into the deep, and let down your nets for a
draught
.
Luke v. 4.
(b)
(Mil.)
The force drawn; a detachment; – in this sense usually written draft.
(c)
The quantity drawn in at once in drinking; a potion or potation.
Disguise thyself as thou wilt, still, Slavery, . . . still thou art a bitter
draught
.
Sterne.
(d)
A sketch, outline, or representation, whether written, designed, or drawn; a delineation.
A
draught
of a Toleration Act was offered to the Parliament by a private member.
Macaulay.
(e)
(Com.)
An order for the payment of money; – in this sense almost always written draft.
(f)
A current of air moving through an inclosed place, as through a room or up a chimney.
Thackeray.
He preferred to go and sit upon the stairs, in . . . a strong
draught
of air, until he was again sent for.
Dickens.
3.
That which draws
; as:
(a)
A team of oxen or horses.
Blackstone.
(b)
A sink or drain; a privy.
Shak.
Matt. xv. 17.
(c)
pl.
(Med.)
A mild vesicatory; a sinapism;
as, to apply
draughts
to the feet
.
4.
Capacity of being drawn; force necessary to draw; traction.
The Hertfordshire wheel plow . . . is of the easiest
draught
.
Mortimer.
5.
(Naut.)
The depth of water necessary to float a ship, or the depth a ship sinks in water, especially when laden;
as, a ship of twelve feet
draught
.
6.
(Com.)
An allowance on weighable goods.
[Eng.]
See
Draft
, 4.
7.
A move, as at chess or checkers.
[Obs.]
Chaucer.
8.
The bevel given to the pattern for a casting, in order that it may be drawn from the sand without injury to the mold.
9.
(Masonry)
See
Draft
,
Noun.
, 7.
Angle of draught
,
the angle made with the plane over which a body is drawn by the line in which the pulling force acts, when the latter has the direction best adapted to overcome the obstacles of friction and the weight of the body.
Black draught
.
See under
Black
,
Adj.
Blast draught
, or
Forced draught
,
the draught produced by a blower, as by blowing in air beneath a fire or drawing out the gases from above it.
Natural draught
,
the draught produced by the atmosphere flowing, by its own weight, into a chimney wherein the air is rarefied by heat.
On draught
,
so as to be drawn from the wood (as a cask, barrel, etc.) in distinction from being bottled; as, ale on draught.
Sheer draught
.
See under
Sheer
.

Draught

,
Adj.
1.
Used for drawing vehicles, loads, etc.;
as, a
draught
beast;
draught
hooks.
2.
Relating to, or characterized by, a draft, or current of air.
3.
Used in making drawings;
as,
draught
compasses
.
4.
Drawn directly from the barrel, or other receptacle, in distinction from bottled; on draught; – said of ale, cider, and the like.
☞ This word, especially in the first and second meanings, is often written draft, a spelling which is approved by many authorities.
Draught box
.
See
Draught tube
, below.
Draught engine
(Mining)
,
an engine used for pumping, raising heavy weights, and the like.
Draught hook
(Mil.)
,
one of the hooks on a cannon carriage, used in drawing the gun backward and forward.
Draught horse
,
a horse employed in drawing loads, plowing, etc., as distinguished from a saddle horse or carriage horse.
Draught net
,
a seine or hauling net.
Draught ox
,
an ox employed in hauling loads, plowing, etc.
Draught tube
(Water Wheels)
,
an air-tight pipe extending downward into the tailrace from a turbine wheel located above it, to make the whole fall available; – called also
draught box
.

Draught

(drȧft)
,
Verb.
T.
[
imp. & p. p.
Draughted
;
p. pr. & vb. n.
Draughting
.]
1.
To draw out; to call forth. See
Draft
.
Addison.
2.
To diminish or exhaust by drawing.
[R.]
The Parliament so often
draughted
and drained.
Sir W. Scott.
3.
To draw in outline; to make a draught, sketch, or plan of, as in architectural and mechanical drawing.
Draughting room
,
a room draughtsmen to work in, and where plans are kept.

Webster 1828 Edition


Draught

DRAUGHT

,
Noun.
Draft. [from draw, drag.]
1.
The act of drawing; as a horse or ox fit for draught.
2.
The quality of being drawn; as a cart of plow of easy draught.
3.
The drawing of liquor into the mouth and throat; the act of drinking.
4.
The quantity of liquor drank at once.
5.
The act of delineating, or that which is delineated; a representation by lines, as the figure of a house, a machine, a fort, &c., described on paper.
6.
Representation by picture; figure painted, or drawn by the pencil.
7.
The act of drawing a net; a sweeping for fish.
8.
That which is taken by sweeping with a net; as a draught of fishes. Luke 5.
9.
The drawing or bending of a bow; the act of shooting with a bow and arrow.
10.
The act of drawing men from a military band, army or post; also, the forces drawn; a detachment. [See Draft, which is more generally used.]
11.
A sink or drain. Matthew 15.
12.
An order for the payment of money; a bill of exchange. [See Draft.]
13.
The depth of water necessary to float a ship, or the depth a ship sinks in water, especially when laden; as a ship of twelve feet draught.
14.
In England, a small allowance on weighable goods, made by the king to the importer, or by the seller to the buyer, to insure full weight.
15.
A sudden attack or drawing on an enemy. [Query.]
16.
A writing composed.
17.
Draughts, a kind of game resembling chess.

DRAUGHT

,
Verb.
T.
To draw out; to call forth. [See Draft.]

Definition 2022


draught

draught

English

Noun

draught (countable and uncountable, plural draughts)

  1. (Britain) Alternative form of draft in its various senses.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Luke V:
      he sayde vnto Simon: Cary vs into the depe, and lett slippe thy nett to make a draught.
    • 1851, Herman Melville, Moby Dick, chapter 36
      “Drink and pass!” he cried, handing the heavy charged flagon to the nearest seaman. “The crew alone now drink. Round with it, round! Short draughts—long swallows, men; ’tis hot as Satan’s hoof.
    • 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, chapter 35
      Finally I gave him a draught, and he sank into uneasy slumber.
  2. (Britain) A checker: a game piece used in the game of draughts.
  3. (Australia) Ale: a type of beer brewed using top-fermenting yeast.
  4. (Britain, medicine, obsolete) A mild vesicatory.
  5. (obsolete) An outhouse: an outbuilding used as a lavatory.
    • 1526, William Tyndale, trans. Bible, Matthew XV:
      Then sayde Jesus: are ye yett withoute understondinge? perceave ye not, that whatsoever goeth in at the mouth, descendeth doune into the bely, and ys cast out into the draught?
    • 1623, William Shakespeare, Timon of Athens:
      Rid me these Villaines from your companies; / Hang them, or stab them, drowne them in a draught, / Confound them by some course, and come to me, / Ile giue you Gold enough.
  6. (Britain, obsolete) Any picture or drawing.
    • 1646, Sir Thomas Browne, Pseudodoxia Epidemica, V.22:
      And therefore, for the whole process, and full representation, there must be more than one draught; the one representing him in station, the other in session, another in genuflexion.
  7. (Britain, obsolete) A sudden attack upon an enemy.
    • Spenser
      drawing sudden draughts upon the enemy when he looketh not for you

Synonyms

Derived terms

Related terms

Translations

Verb

draught (third-person singular simple present draughts, present participle draughting, simple past and past participle draughted)

  1. British spelling of draft
    • Walter Scott
      The Parliament so often draughted and drained.

References

  • draught in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.