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Definition 2022


-ums

-ums

See also: ums

Dutch

Suffix

-ums

  1. Plural form of -um

Synonyms


Latvian

Etymology

From Proto-Baltic *-umas, possibly from an earlier suffix *-ma(s) added to a u-stem (e.g., Lithuanian saugùs (safe, sure), saugù-mas), from which the u was reinterpreted as part of the suffix and then extended to other stems. Cognate with Lithuanian -umas.[1]

Suffix

-ums

  1. Added to adjectives to form nouns indicating a state of being, similar to (and frequently corresponding to) English -ness, -ence, -tion.
  2. Added to verbs to form nouns indicating an object produced by the action described by the verb.

Derived terms

<a class='CategoryTreeLabel CategoryTreeLabelNs14 CategoryTreeLabelCategory' href='/wiki/Category:Latvian_words_suffixed_with_-ums'>Latvian words suffixed with -ums</a>

References

  1. Forssman, Berthold. 2001. Lettische Grammatik (Dettelbach: Verlag J. H. Röll GmbH) ISBN: 3-89754-194-7, page 258.