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Definition 2021


-ł-

-ł-

See also: ł and Ł

Navajo

Prefix

-ł-

  1. The -ł- classifier or valence-change prefix, a causative-transitivizing prefix of active verbs that modifies the transitivity or valence and grammatical voice of a verb. It often transitivizes an intransitive -Ø- (unmarked) verb:
    yibéézhit’s boiling (yi-Ø-béézh).
    yiłbéézhhe’s boiling it (yi-ł-béézh).
    naʼniyęęsh — something flows about in a meandering fashion (naʼni-Ø-yęęsh).
    naʼniłhęęsh — he’s making it flow about in a meandering fashion (naʼni-ł-yęęsh).
    siʼą́a roundish object lies in position (-Ø-ʼą́).
    łʼą́ — I keep a roundish object in position (-ł-ʼą́).
  2. a consonant that sometimes appears as a ligature between the elements of a compound word.
    táłtłʼááh = -ł- atłʼááh

See also