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Definition 2021


Translingual

Han character

(radical 136 +8, in Chinese 14 strokes, in Japanese 15 strokes, cangjie input 人廿弓戈手 (OTNIQ), four-corner 80251, composition ⿱⿳𠂉)

Derived characters

Related characters

References

  • KangXi: page 1008, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30342
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1465, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 865, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+821E

Chinese

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*m̥ʰaː, *maː, *ma
*maː
*hmaː, *ma, *maʔ
*hmaː
*hmaʔ
*m̥ʰaʔ
*ma
*ma, *maʔ
*ma
*ma
*ma
*ma
*ma, *maʔ
*maʔ
*maʔ
*maʔ
*maʔ
*maʔ
*maʔ

Ideogram (指事) :  +  (steps) – originally a dancer holding two dangling animal skins, roughly + + , with dancing steps 舛 below – see 無#Etymology for earlier forms. Top now simplified to 無, and this character is in fact the origin of 無.

Pronunciation



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (4)
Final () (24)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/mɨoX/
Pan
Wuyun
/mioX/
Shao
Rongfen
/mioX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/muə̆X/
Li
Rong
/mioX/
Wang
Li
/mĭuX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/mi̯uX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ mjuX ›
Old
Chinese
/*k.m(r)aʔ/
English dance (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13126
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*maʔ/

Definitions

  1. dance
  2. to dance
  3. to wield; to brandish

Compounds


Japanese

Kanji

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. dance
  2. flit
  3. circle
  4. wheel

Readings

Compounds

Noun

(hiragana まい, romaji mai)

  1. a type of traditional Japanese dance consisting of simple and quiet movements

See also

Proper noun

(hiragana まい, romaji Mai)

  1. A female given name

Korean

Hanja

(mu) (hangeul , revised mu, McCune-Reischauer mu, Yale mu)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese

Han character

(, vụ, vỗ, thủy)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.