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αἰθήρ

αἰθήρ

Ancient Greek

Noun

αἰθήρ (aithḗr) m (genitive αἰθέρος); third declension

  1. air
  2. aether; ether
  3. theoretical medium of great elasticity and extreme thinness of consistency supposed to fill all unoccupied space and transmit light and heat
  4. The upper or purer air as opposed to aer (αέρας), the lower air; the clear sky.

Inflection

Descendants

  • Arabic: أثير (ʾaṯīr)
  • Bulgarian: етер (eter)
  • Catalan: èter
  • Croatian: eter
  • Czech: éter
  • Danish: æter; ether
  • Dutch: ether
  • English: aether; ether
  • French: éther
  • German: Äther
  • Greek: αιθήρ (aithír); αιθέρας (aithéras)
  • Hebrew: אתר (eter)
  • Japanese: エーテル (ēteru)
  • Korean: 에테르 (etereu)
  • Latin: aether
  • Lithuanian: eteris
  • Norwegian: eter
  • Persian: اثیر (asir)
  • Polish: eter
  • Portuguese: éter
  • Russian: эфир (efir)
  • Serbo-Croatian:
    Cyrillic: етар
    Roman: etar
  • Slovak: éter
  • Spanish: éter
  • Swedish: eter
  • Ukrainian: ефір (efir)

References

  • αἰθήρ in Liddell & Scott (1940) A Greek–English Lexicon, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • αἰθήρ in Liddell & Scott (1889) An Intermediate Greek–English Lexicon, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • αἰθήρ in Autenrieth, Georg (1891) A Homeric Dictionary for Schools and Colleges, New York: Harper and Brothers
  • «αἰθήρ» in Bailly, Anatole (1935) Le Grand Bailly: Dictionnaire grec-français, Paris: Hachette
  • «αἰθήρ» in Cunliffe, Richard J. (1924) A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect: Expanded Edition, Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, published 1963
  • «αἰθήρ» in the Diccionario Griego–Español en línea (© 2006–2016)
  • αἰθήρ in Slater, William J. (1969) Lexicon to Pindar, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited.
    • air idem, page 21.
    • ether idem, page 284.
    • heaven idem, page 393.
    • sky idem, page 781.
  • Woodhouse, S. C. (1910) English-Greek Dictionary: A Vocabulary of the Attic Language, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Limited, pages 21, 284